DOI: 10.12737/stp-94202303 ISSN: 2500-0535

Active longitudes and the structure of the large-scale magnetic field at solar minimum

Victor Grigoryev, Lyudmila Ermakova
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geophysics

We have studied deep minima of 11-year solar activity cycles 13–14, 14–15, 22–23, 23–24, 24–25, using the RGO and USAF/NOAA sunspot group catalogs. All of them have a large number of spotless days. Nonetheless, active longitudes as preferred zones, where sunspots occur, appear at this solar cycle phase. Analysis of synoptic maps and WSO daily magnetograms reflecting the structure of a weak large-scale field shows a non-axisymmetric component of the solar magnetic field. At solar minimum in the structure of the large-scale magnetic field, there are regions of the magnetic field of positive and negative polarity elongated along the meridian and crossing the equator. The most pronounced of them are located in the zone of active longitudes and are often connected with the polar magnetic fields. We discuss the possible nature of the meridional structures of the large-scale field during solar minimum. This might be due to giant convection cells with a banana cell structure.

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