Ran He, Kuirong Deng, Daize Mo, Xiongcong Guan, Yuanyuan Hu, Kai Yang, Zhenhua Yan, Haijiao Xie

Active Diluent‐Anion Synergy Strategy Regulating Nonflammable Electrolytes for High‐Efficiency Li Metal Batteries

  • General Medicine

High‐energy Li metal batteries (LMBs) consisting of Li metal anodes and high‐voltage cathodes are promising candidates of the next generation energy‐storage systems owing to their ultrahigh energy density. However, it is still challenging to develop high‐voltage nonflammable electrolytes with superior anode and cathode compatibility for LMBs. Here, we propose an active diluent‐anion synergy strategy to achieve outstanding compatibility with Li metal anodes and high‐voltage cathodes by using 1,2‐difluorobenzene (DFB) with high activity for yielding LiF as an active diluent to regulate nonflammable dimethylacetamide (DMAC)‐based localized high concentration electrolytes (LHCE‐DFB). DFB and bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (FSI−) anion cooperate to construct robust LiF‐rich solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) and cathode electrolyte interphase (CEI), which effectively stabilize DMAC from intrinsic reactions with Li metal anode and enhance the interfacial stability of the Li metal anodes and LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM811) cathodes. LHCE‐DFB enables ultrahigh Coulombic efficiency (98.7%), dendrite‐free, extremely stable and long‐term cycling of Li metal anodes in Li||Cu cells and Li||Li cells. The fabricated NCM811||Li cells with LHCE‐DFB display remarkably enhanced long‐term cycling stability and excellent rate capability. This work provides a promising active diluent‐anion synergy strategy for designing high‐voltage electrolytes for high‐energy batteries.

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