DOI: 10.1002/chem.202302212 ISSN:

Activation of the Ga(I) cation for bond activation: from oxidative additions into C−Cl and H−P bonds to reversible insertion into P4

Philipp Dabringhaus, Tim Heizmann, Ingo Krossing
  • General Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

Although the discovery of the Ga(I) complex salt [Ga(PhF)2‐3][Al(ORF)4] (RF = C(CF3)) invoked the preparation of a diverse library of cationic Ga(I) coordination complexes and clusters, studies on small molecule activation with low‐valent Ga(I) cations are scarce. Here, a first experimental study on the reactivity of a monomeric Ga(I) cation activated with a pyridine‐diimine pincer‐ligand (in [Ga(PDIdipp)][Al(ORF)4]) towards small‐molecules is reported. First controlled oxidative additions of the Ga(I) cation into C−Cl, H−P and P−P bonds are presented. Moreover, the [4+1] cycloaddition to butadienes was achieved. Intriguingly, the isolated, blue insertion product into the P−P bond of P4 allows for quantitative release of the P4 molecule upon reaction with AlEt3 and butadienes. Reversible P4 insertion of main‐group metals has previously on been reported for Ge and Sn respectively. The experimental study is supported by high level computational analysis of the in part reversible oxidative additions at the DLPNO‐CCSD(T)/def2‐TZVPP//PBEh‐3c/def2‐mSVP level of theory with COSMO‐RS solvation in 1,2‐difluorobenzene.

More from our Archive