Achiraya Somphong, Trinset Weeraphan, Vasun Poengsungnoen, Chanwit Suriyachadkun, Paranee Sripreechasak, Chatchai Chaotham, Somboon Tanasupawat, Wongsakorn Phongsopitanun

Actinoplanes pyxinae sp. nov., a new lichen-derived rare actinobacterium exhibiting antimicrobial and anticancer activity

  • General Medicine
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Microbiology

A novel lichen-derived actinobacterium, designated Pm04-4T, was isolated from Pyxine cocoes (Sw.) Nyl. lichen collected from Chaiyaphum, Thailand. A polyphasic approach was used to describe the taxonomic position of the strain. The strain had morphological and chemotaxonomic properties similar to members of the genus Actinoplanes . It produced sporangia on the substrate mycelia. Meso-diaminopimelic acid, galactose, glucose and mannose were detected in the whole-cell hydrolysate of the strain. The major menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. Strain Pm04-4T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Actinoplanes akusuensis TRM 8003T (99.0 %). In the phylogenomic tree, strain Pm04-4T was positioned close to A. aksuensis TRM88003T, A. maris M416T, A. polyasparticus TRM66264T, A. hotanensis TRM88002T, A. abujensis DSM 45518T, A. bogorensis NBRC 110975T, A. brasiliensis DSM 43805T, A. lichenicola LDG1-01T and A. ovalisporus LDG1-06T. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain Pm04-4T and its closely related neighbours were below the threshold values for describing new species. Moreover, the strain could be distinguished from its closely related type strains by phenotypic properties. Based on genotypic and phenotypic evidence, it can be concluded that strain Pm04-4T is a representative of a new Actinoplanes species for which the name Actinoplanes pyxinae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Pm04-4T (=TBRC 16207T=NBRC 115836T). The type strain exhibited activity against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 as well as four yeast strains, namely Candida albicans TISTR 5554, Candida glabrata TISTR 5006, Candida krusei TISTR 5351 and Candida parapsilosis TISTR 5007. It also showed cytotoxicity against Caco-2, MNT-1 and MCF-7 cancer cells.

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