DOI: 10.3390/app14010347 ISSN: 2076-3417

Acta Plane—A New Reference for Virtual Orientation of Cone Beam Computed Tomography Scans: A Pilot Study

Fernanda Sanders-Mello, Luciane Macedo de Menezes, Ursula Tavares Puetter, Fabiane Azeredo, Tina Cornelia Antonieke Griekspoor, Sergio de Windt, Christos Livas, Ronald E. G. Jonkman, Frederik Reinder Rozema, Jan Harm Koolstra
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

Introduction: Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans should be digitally oriented using a reference plane before being evaluated for patient growth and treatment outcome. Current orientation planes are usually dependent on the Porion points. Using more reliable landmarks than the Porion, we introduce the Acta plane and investigate its reliability as an alternative reference plane for cases in which the Porion point is inaccessible. Methods: To test its reliability, a dental student and an orthodontist located sixteen skeletal and dental landmarks in sixteen CBCT scans before and after reorientation. Also, four measurements were calculated based on these landmarks’ coordinates. The reorientation of these CBCT scans with the Acta plane was performed by another dental student. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was calculated before and after orientation, as well as the intra and inter-examiner. The data were tested for significance through the Shapiro–Wilk test with a threshold set at 0.05. Through the ICC variation of the points’ coordinates, this article also evaluated the reliability of this plane with the t-paired and exact-sign tests. Results: The identification of landmarks was more reliable in the reoriented CBCT images than in the original images, with a significant increase of 0.012 in the median of the ICC. Linear and angular measures showed no significant differences between groups. Conclusion: This plane is a reliable alternative for the orientation of CBCT images. The design of the Acta plane might allow the use of a smaller field of view and, consequently, a reduction in the radiation dose.

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