DOI: 10.3390/jmse12020267 ISSN: 2077-1312

Acoustic Scattering Characteristics and Geometric Parameter Prediction for Underwater Multiple Targets Arranged in a Linear Pattern

Peizhen Zhang, Xiaofeng Yin, Bin Wang, Ziyi Feng
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

The construction of wind farm pilings, submarine pipelines, and underwater submarines involves multiple cylinders. However, there is currently a lack of economic research on predicting the mechanism and characteristics of mutual coupling of acoustic scattering from multiple cylindrical targets. This study investigates the mechanism and prediction method of acoustic scattering for the structural distribution characteristics of underwater multi-cylindrical targets. A model of a multi-cylindrical target’s two-dimensional acoustic field was established using the finite element method. Numerical calculations were then carried out to elucidate the scattering characteristics of the frequency–angle spectrum in far-field omnidirectional scattering. The simulation of echoes in the time domain explains how echoes propagate and interact with each other, and provides formulas for calculating interference and resonance frequencies. The frequency calculation formula extracts key features from the spectrum, providing a basis for predicting the characteristics of multi-cylindrical targets in terms of scale and spatial position. Measurement experiments were conducted on a double-cylindrical target in a water tank, and the theoretical calculations and experimental data were used to estimate the target’s radius and distance. The actual layout confirms the accuracy of the interference and resonance frequency prediction formulas. This study offers a valuable solution for refined feature extraction and spatial estimation of underwater targets.

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