DOI: 10.36106/gjra/0306883 ISSN:


Marcela Cadavid Otero
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Acne vulgaris is a prevalent inammatory skin disorder affecting adolescents and young adults. It is characterized by comedones, papules, pustules, and nodules, commonly found on the face, neck, chest, and back. Acne often starts during preadolescence and typically resolves in the third decade of life, but it can persist into adulthood. The pathogenesis involves androgen-mediated sebaceous gland stimulation, dysbiosis within the skin microbiome, and immune responses. Various factors contribute to acne, including genetics, skin trauma, diet, stress, and body mass index. Treatment options include topical retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics, oral contraceptives (for females), and oral isotretinoin for severe cases. Complementary treatments like chemical peels and light/laser therapies may also help. Individualized treatment plans and patient adherence are essential for successful management.

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