DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2309627121 ISSN: 0027-8424

Accreditation of analogue quantum simulators

Andrew Jackson, Theodoros Kapourniotis, Animesh Datta
  • Multidisciplinary

We present an accreditation protocol for analogue, i.e., continuous-time, quantum simulators. For a given simulation task, it provides an upper bound on the variation distance between the probability distributions at the output of an erroneous and error-free analogue quantum simulator. As its overheads are independent of the size and nature of the simulation, the protocol is ready for immediate usage and practical for the long term. It builds on the recent theoretical advances of strongly universal Hamiltonians and quantum accreditation as well as experimental progress toward the realization of programmable hybrid analogue–digital quantum simulators.

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