DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1824_22 ISSN:

Access to chronic kidney disease (CKD) care: Its barriers and facilitators in a community development block in Purba Bardhaman, West Bengal: A qualitative study

Biman Mondal, Md. Samsuzzaman, Sulagna Das
  • General Materials Science


Chronic kidney disease (CKD), a leading public health problem, has potential risks and serious implications on the health of individuals and society at large. Few studies explored the factors that influence access to CKD care at the community level in rural areas of West Bengal. A qualitative study was planned among key stakeholders to explore their views and experiences and to identify the barriers and potential facilitators that influence access to CKD care at the primary care level.


Total 23 stakeholders participated in the study. Seventeen in-depth interviews (IDIs) were conducted on a purposive sample of stakeholders (CKD patients, healthcare providers (HCPs) and health planners) and one focus group discussion (FGD) among six community health workers. The audio-recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim. The Lévesque’s framework for access to care as modified by Jodie Bailie et al. was employed to construct interview guides and structure the initial codes. Thematic analysis was undertaken using QSR NVivo version 11 using both inductive and deductive approaches.


The major barriers to CKD care at patient level were poor knowledge and awareness of CKD and at the health system level was shortage of skilled staffs, diagnostics and medicines and fragmented referrals. The potential facilitators identified were educational activities to increase the awareness of CKD among HCPs and patients; provision of CKD-related supplies and a system-level approach to care coordination along with m-health-based care.


Targeted CKD screening programs and CKD specific trainings may improve awareness of CKD. Additionally, stronger primary care infrastructure, availability of essential drugs and diagnostics and creating an efficient referral process for the quality CKD care are the need of the hour.

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