DOI: 10.1161/str.55.suppl_1.wmp33 ISSN: 0039-2499

Abstract WMP33: Translating Evidence Into Practice: Early Supported Discharge in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Kristen Nobles
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neurology (clinical)

Background: The 2022 guidelines from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association underscore the significance of coordinated multidisciplinary care and early discharge planning for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients. Early Supported Discharge (ESD) programs have been found to curtail hospital stays for ICH patients.

Purpose: This Quality Improvement initiative aimed to optimize our ESD program, originally designed for acute ischemic stroke patients, by expanding eligibility to encompass mild to moderate spontaneous ICH patients. The primary objectives were to evaluate the effects on the hospital length of stay and discharge-to-home rates.

Methods: In 2020, a collaboration between our acute care hospital and homecare organization led to the development of an ESD program, Homeward Stroke Recovery, for ischemic stroke survivors in local catchment areas. Eligibility criteria were broadened to include ICH patients in July 2022. Descriptive statistics were used to track the program's performance, specifically discharge-to-home rates and hospital length of stay for ICH survivors discharged with Homeward Stroke Recovery.

Results: Following the expansion of Homeward Stroke Recovery Program eligibility, the discharge-to-home rate for ICH patients at the site increased by 14.2% (27.5% to 41.7%). Additionally, the median length of stay decreased by 2 days (6 days to 4 days).

Conclusions: In conclusion, our Quality Improvement project has successfully enhanced the Homeward Stroke Recovery program. This was achieved by aligning eligibility criteria with evidence-based recommendations for patients with mild to moderate spontaneous ICH, leading to a substantial positive impact on patient outcomes. The outcomes of this initiative not only affirm the efficacy of broadening eligibility for ESD programs but serves as a beacon and blueprint to widen scope through evidence-guided improvements.

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