DOI: 10.1161/str.55.suppl_1.wmp111 ISSN: 0039-2499

Abstract WMP111: Intra-Arterial Administration of Cerebral Endothelial Cell Derived Small Extracellular Vesicles Reduces Neurovascular Damage and Improves Neurological Outcome After Acute Ischemia in the Aged Rat

Hua Teng, Li Zhang, Hao Luo, Michael Chopp, Zheng Gang Zhang
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neurology (clinical)

Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, mainly affecting the elderly. Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) is a standard of care therapy for stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion, however, the majority of these patients do not achieve full functional improvement. The present study tested the hypothesis that intra-arterial (IA) administration of cerebral endothelial cell derived small extracellular vesicles (CEC-sEVs) following transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) improves stroke outcome in the aged rat. CEC-sEVs (1x10 11 particles/injection) isolated from healthy adult rats were employed. Male aged rats (18 months, n=10/group) subjected to 3h tMCAO were randomly divided into the experimental groups. To examine whether IA injection of CEC-sEVs improves stroke outcome, CEC-sEVs were administered via the internal carotid artery (ICA) immediately following reperfusion by withdrawal of the occlusion filament. To examine whether intravenous administration (IV) of CEC-sEVs during tMCAO and then followed by IA CEC-sEVs upon reperfusion further enhances stroke outcome, CEC-sEVs were given at 30 min of tMCAO via a tail vein and upon reperfusion via the ICA. The ischemic rats treated with IA saline were used as a control. Neurological outcome and infarct volume were assessed in a blinded manner. IA CEC-sEVs upon reperfusion significantly reduced infarct volume (24±5% vs 31±6% in saline, p<0.05) which was associated with robust improvement of neurological function from weeks 2 to 4 after tMCAO compared to saline treated rats. Moreover, rats treated with CEC-sEVs IV at 30min followed by IA treatment upon reperfusion further reduced infarct volume (16±6%) compared to rats treated with IA saline or CEC-sEVs. These rats also exhibited robust and early improvement of neurological function starting at 1d after tMCAO. In conclusion, IA administration of CEC-sEVs upon reperfusion significantly reduces ischemic damage, while an additional early (30min post stroke) dose of IV CEC-sEVs further enhances and accelerates the therapeutic effect of IA CEC-sEVs in the aged rats after tMCAO. Our data suggest that CEC-sEVs could potentially may be a therapy to amplify the efficacy of EVT even for elderly patients with acute ischemic stroke.

More from our Archive