DOI: 10.1161/str.55.suppl_1.tp319 ISSN: 0039-2499

Abstract TP319: Time Course of Novel Hypothalamic Protein Sushi Repeat-Containing Protein X- Linked 2 Expression in a Rat Model of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Yushin Takemoto, Hideki Kanamaru, Lei Huang, Prativa Sherchan, Akitake Mukasa, Jiping Tang, John H Zhang
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neurology (clinical)

Background: Hypothalamic injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is known to be associated with short- and long-term prognosis. Recently, a novel hypothalamic protein, Sushi repeat-containing protein X-linked 2 (SRPX2), was reported as a potential biomarker for hypothalamic damage after traumatic brain injury. However, there are no reports on SRPX2 in SAH, and its role is unknown. In this study, we investigated the expression of SRPX2 in the hypothalamus after SAH using a rat model of SAH.

Methods: We made endovascular perforation model of SAH using 300g - 450g SD rats, and they were divided into two groups: Sham operated and SAH group. The endpoints were 3, 6, 12, 24, and 72 hours after SAH, and 7 days and 4 weeks after SAH, and physiological findings and neurological symptoms were measured. In addition, changes in SRPX-2 in the hypothalamic injury and related factors were examined immunohistochemically.

Results: The SAH group showed significant neurological deterioration, and a significant decrease in body temperature after 3 h of SAH. Expression of SRPX2 in the hypothalamus was also significantly decreased at 3 h after SAH. However, it was not associated with changes in FJC- and TUNEL-positive cells suggestive of cell death or DHE expression suggestive of oxidative stress. On the other hand, OXT showed a significant decrease after 3 hours of SAH as measured by ELISA in serum from the jugular vein.

Conclusions: This is the first study to investigate the expression of SRPX2 in the hypothalamus after SAH time course. Although our results suggest that SRPX2 may not be directly associated with hypothalamic injury after SAH, the fact that SRPX2 expression was decreased during the hyperacute phase and OXT and body temperature were also decreased at the same time suggests that SRPX2 may be indirectly associated with hypothalamic injury after SAH through regulation of endocrine and autonomic function in the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Further studies are warranted to investigate the possibility that SRPX2 may be indirectly related to hypothalamic disturbances after SAH through endocrine and autonomic regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis.

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