DOI: 10.1161/str.55.suppl_1.tp131 ISSN: 0039-2499

Abstract TP131: Computed Tomography Perfusion Imaging Patterns Are Similar Before and After Interfacility Transfer of Ischemic Stroke Patients

John A Oostema, Malgorzata Miller, Brian Wideman, Mathew J Reeves, Nadeem I Khan, Muhib Khan
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neurology (clinical)

Background: Large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke patients are often transferred from regional hospitals to comprehensive stroke centers (CSC) for thrombectomy. The need for repeat imaging at CSCs prior to intervention is unclear. We compared regional hospital and CSC perfusion imaging results for interfacility transfers in a single health system.

Methods: We analyzed a cohort of patients in western Michigan who received CT perfusion imaging before and after transfer to a CSC. Perfusion mismatch (MM), core infarct volume (CIV), and favorability of imaging for mechanical thrombectomy (MT) candidacy were compared between the regional and CSC studies. A favorable imaging profile was defined as the presence of LVO, MM volume >10 mL, and MM/CIV ratio of >1.2. Linear regression was used to examine predictors of infarct growth during transfer.

Results: Over a 10-month period, 25 patients met inclusion criteria. The median age was 76 (IQR 66-81), 60% were male, median NIHSS was 11 (IQR 2-18), and most patients had occlusion of the internal carotid or middle cerebral arteries (72%). The median time from last known well to initial CT was 250 minutes (IQR 85-620). Regional median MM volume was 52 mL (IQR 8-97), CIV was 0 mL (IQR 0-13), and hypoperfusion intensity ratio (HIR) was 0.25 (IQR 0-0.34). The median time between CTs was 152 minutes (IQR 139-226). The median change in MM volume was -3 mL (IQR -27-3) and median CIV growth rate was 0 mL/hr (IQR 0-2.0). In a multivariable regression model, higher HIR (β=23.2, p=0.012) and minutes between imaging studies (β=0.10, p=0.021) were associated with CIV growth. Sixteen patients (64%) had favorable imaging profiles for MT at the regional hospital. Of these, 15 (93.8%) continued to have a favorable CSC imaging profiles and 9 (56.2%) underwent MT. Of the 9 patients without favorable regional imaging profiles, 1 (11.1%) had a favorable CSC imaging profile and 2 (22.2%) underwent MT.

Conclusion: In our sample, regional and CSC perfusion imaging patterns were similar and patients infrequently crossed thresholds for MT candidacy between studies. Initial HIR and longer delays between were independently associated with infarct growth during transfers, however overall infarct growth was very small.

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