DOI: 10.1161/str.55.suppl_1.tmp115 ISSN: 0039-2499

Abstract TMP115: White Matter Loss and Neurological Deficits Due to Chronic Global Hypoperfusion Are Worsened in a Mouse Model of Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy

Romeesa Khan, Gary Guzman, Trang Do, Chunfeng Tan, Patrick Devlin, Ngoc Mai Le, Rodney Ritzel, Louise D McCullough, Michael E Maniskas
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neurology (clinical)

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a disease of small and medium-sized vessels, characterized by amyloid deposition in the brain vasculature. The incidence of CAA increases with age and pathophysiological features (i.e., amyloid) overlap with that of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Cerebral hypoperfusion (CH) impairs the integrity of the blood brain barrier and contributes to cerebral atrophy and white matter loss. However, the link between hypoperfusion and vascular amyloid deposition remains understudied. We induced global CH with bilateral carotid artery stenosis (BCAS) in CAA mice of both sexes. We hypothesized that chronic CH accelerates cognitive decline in CAA, increases white matter damage, and induces gliotic changes in the brain. Using a mouse model of CAA (Tg-SwDI), male and female mice (12wks-old) were randomized to either BCAS (n=15) or sham (n=11) surgery. Cognitive (Y-maze (YM), NORT, Water Maze (WM)) and motor function (Open Field (OF)) testing was performed by a blinded investigator prior to surgery (baseline) and at regular intervals until tissue harvest 6 months post-BCAS. Brains were harvested for immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis (Kluver-Barrera (KB), Iba-1, GFAP, Myelin Basic Protein (MBP)) and flow cytometry. Sex-specific changes in spatial memory (YM) and learning (NORT/WM) were present in CAA BCAS mice, with females having an earlier onset of deficits than males. Female BCAS mice displayed deficits in cognition (NORT) at 3 (p=.003), 4 (YM, p=.0007), and 5-months (p=.01) after BCAS. Male BCAS mice demonstrated cognitive deficits 5 months post-BCAS (NORT, p=.001). Both female and male BCAS mice had poorer cognition (WM, p=.001) 6 months post-BCAS. IHC demonstrated increased demyelination (MBP, p=.004) and atrophy (KB) in the anterior corpus collosum (p=.04) and significant cortical gliosis (p=.02). The hippocampus contained higher numbers of NOX2-expressing (p= .051) and lipid-rich microglia in BCAS (p=.042) versus sham mice. Neuronal loss and increases in endothelial-cell amyloid levels were also found in BCAS CAA mice, using flow cytometry. Global CH accelerates cognitive deficits in a CAA model, an effect that is accelerated in female mice and led to gliosis, white matter damage, and lipid-accumulating microglia.

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