Abstract A059: The role of conversational chatbots in enhancing shared decision making for African American men with early stage prostate cancerAngela D. Adams
Introduction : Enhancing shared decision making (SDM) for African American (AA) men with early stage prostate cancer using conversational chatbots (CCs) aims to improve communication, provide information, and empower them in their treatment decision making process. SDM is a collaborative approach that involves patients and healthcare providers working together based on medical evidence and patient preferences. However, AA men face significant disparities in prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes, including higher incidence and mortality rates compared to other racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Limited access to recommended PCa information and inadequate information during SDM conversations contribute to the challenges AA men face when making treatment decisions. The purpose of this study was to develop a conversational chatbot (CC) to provide PCa information in real time thus, enhancing SDM for AA men with PCa. Methods: The Ottawa Decision Support Framework and the International Patient Decision Aids Standards provided guidance and framework for the development of the CC. Our participatory research approach involved a diverse Community-Based Participatory Research Advisory Board (CBPRAB) consisting of twelve members. The CBPRAB included AA PCa survivors, AA men, caregivers, advocates, community leaders, and cancer care providers. Through training in research methods and focus group facilitation, CBPRAB members actively contributed their valuable insights, ensuring a collaborative and inclusive research process. Results: Five stakeholder focus groups (n = 44) comprising AA men, PCa survivors, spouses, healthcare professionals, and advocates provided valuable input for the development of the CC. In total, 819 questions were generated through interviews conducted during the focus groups. These questions were either inferred from the discussions or explicitly provided by the participants. The answers to these questions were developed from evidence based sources, such as the American Cancer Society and National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines. An Android-based smartphone application that allows users to submit questions via speech was created. The application matches the user's question within the data set of 819 questions and provides answers in both voice and text formats. Conclusion : The Android-based smartphone application was alpha tested on four stakeholder focus groups (n=35). The CC developed in the smartphone application demonstrated the capacity to provide real time responses to user questions sourced from an 819-question database derived from our stakeholder focus groups. By offering evidence based information and directing users to additional resources if the question is not in the database, the CC can improve accessibility to medical information, thus enhancing the SDM process regarding early stage prostate cancer.
Citation Format: Angela D. Adams. The role of conversational chatbots in enhancing shared decision making for African American men with early stage prostate cancer [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 16th AACR Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved; 2023 Sep 29-Oct 2;Orlando, FL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2023;32(12 Suppl):Abstract nr A059.