Abstract A032: Cell membrane coated- Biomimetic biodegradable nanoparticles for tumor targeted delivery of THP-doxorubicin using polylactic acid based redox responsive polymerHarshdeep Kaur, Harpal Singh, Neetu Singh
- Cancer Research
Chemotherapy is a widely used systemic treatment modality for cancer treatment as it kills the rapidly dividing cells. However, the administered chemo-drugs cause systemic toxicity, have fast degradation rate at physiological conditions hence low bioavailability and poor tumor accumulation. These shortcomings can be mitigated by the use of tumor targeting drug delivery systems. The nanoparticles can further be tailor made according to physiological conditions of the tumor microenvironment. Herein, the redox responsive polymer has been synthesized by introducing the disulphide linkage in the polymer. The drug release profile indicated the release of the drug is more efficient in presence of 10mM Dithiothreitol(reducing agent for disulphide linkage) when compared to 0mM dithiothreitol. In this context, this study investigates the therapeutic efficacy of THP-doxorubicin encapsulated in polylactic acid based redox responsive nanoparticle(NP) whose surface have been modified with tumor (4T1) and macrophage (J774) cell membranes. The coated cell membrane provides advantages such as immune escape, long blood circulation time, specific molecular recognition and cell targeting. The prepared nanoparticles have a hydrodynamic size of 210±10 nm with zeta potential of -30±3 mV. The cellular internalization studies of free drug vs the cell membrane coated NPs (CMNPs) were done and it was confirmed that CMNPs were internalized more efficiently in one hour drug incubation study. The same was confirmed when cancer cell proliferation inhibition assay was done, and half maximal inhibitory concentration of free drug, uncoated NPs and CMNPs were 0.31µM , 0.463µM and 0.137µM respectively. This study provides the synthesis and characterization of redox responsive polymer, preparation of cell membrane coated nanoparticles and in-vitro studies for the same. This study has a future scope in the field of personalized medicine at much cheaper price when compared to active targeting methods by antibodies, CART, proteins etc.
Citation Format: Harshdeep Kaur, Harpal Singh, Neetu Singh. Cell membrane coated- Biomimetic biodegradable nanoparticles for tumor targeted delivery of THP-doxorubicin using polylactic acid based redox responsive polymer [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR-NCI-EORTC Virtual International Conference on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics; 2023 Oct 11-15; Boston, MA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Mol Cancer Ther 2023;22(12 Suppl):Abstract nr A032.