DOI: 10.1161/str.55.suppl_1.45 ISSN: 0039-2499

Abstract 45: Poor Prediction of Stroke Mimics Using Validated Stroke Mimic Scales in a Large Academic Telestroke Network

Nikita Chhabra, Stephen English, Richard J Butterfield, Nan Zhang, Abigail Hanus, Rida Basharath, Monet Miller, Bart M Demaerschalk
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neurology (clinical)

Introduction: Telestroke enables timely and remote evaluation of patients with acute stroke syndromes. However, stroke mimics represent more than 30% of this population. Given the resources required for management of suspected acute ischemic stroke, several scales have been developed to help identify stroke mimics. Our objective was to externally validate four mimic scales (Khan Score [KS], TeleStroke Mimic Score [TS], simplified FABS [sFABS], and FABS) in a large, academic telestroke network.

Methods: This is a retrospective, IRB exempt study of all patients who presented with suspected acute stroke syndromes and underwent video evaluation between 2019-2020 at a large academic telestroke network. Detailed chart review was conducted to extract both the variables needed to apply the mimic scales the final diagnosis confirmed by final imaging and discharge diagnosis (cerebral ischemic vs stroke mimic). Overall score performance was assessed by calculating area under curve (AUC). Youden cutpoint was established for each scale and used to calculate sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value (NPV), positive predictive value (PPV), and accuracy.

Results: A total of 1043 patients were included in the final analysis. Final diagnosis of cerebral ischemia was made in 662/1043 patients (63.5%) and stroke mimic was diagnosed in 381/1043 patients (36.5%). To predict stroke mimic, TS had the highest AUC (68.3) and PPV (73%); KS had the highest accuracy (68.6%), sensitivity (86.6%) and NPV (61.5%); and FABS had the highest specificity (54.8%) (Table 1).

Conclusions: While each scale offers unique strengths, none was able to identify stroke mimics effectively enough to confidently apply in clinical practice. There remains need for significant clinical judgment to determine the likelihood of stroke mimic at presentation.

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