DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.19063 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 19063: An Updated Meta-Analysis Comparing Left Bundle Branch Area Pacing and Biventricular Pacing for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

Sisir Siddamsetti, Hammam Shereef, Jesse Galuk, Atul Bhatia, Jasbir Sra
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Left bundle branch area pacing (LBBAP) is a type of conduction system pacing that has been considered as an alternative to biventricular pacing (BVP) in patients requiring cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).

Hypothesis: We performed a meta-analysis comparing the clinical and echocardiographic outcomes between LBBAP and BVP in patients requiring CRT.

Methods: We performed a systematic literature review in Embase, PubMed, and SCOPUS for all the related articles until November 2022. The literature search yielded 44 publications, of which 6 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The Inverse Variance random effects model was used for continuous variables to calculate Mean Difference (MD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) and Mantel- Haenszel random effects model was used for dichotomous variables to calculate odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Outcomes analyzed were changed in left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricle end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD), NYHA class, and QRS duration and patients with the echocardiographic response (as defined as LVEF improvement >5%) and heart failure hospitalizations.

Results: Over a mean follow up of 8+/-2 months, LBBAP when compared to BVP resulted in significant difference in LVEF improvement (MD = 5.78 % (95% CI [4.75%, 6.80%], P<0.00001), QRS duration reduction (MD = -24.77 ms) (95% CI [-32.78, -16.77], P<0.00001), NYHA class reduction (MD = -0.43, 95% CI [-0.78, -0.08], P=0.02) and number of patients with echocardiographic response (OR = 2.94, 95% CI [1.40-6.14], P=0.004) at follow up. There was no significant difference in LVEDD reduction (MD = -0.5 mm, 95% CI [-3.36, 2.37], P=0.73) and HF hospitalization rates (OR = 0.42, 95% CI [0.11-1.61], P=0.21) between the 2 groups.

Conclusions: LBBAP is an effective alternative to BVP in patients with an indication for CRT.

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