DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18876 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18876: Safety and Efficacy of Coronary CT Angiography in Acute Chest Pain. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials

Mostafa Mostafa, Mohamed Abuelazm, Mohamed Eid, Varun Victor, Claudine Abdou, Kirolos Barssoum, Karim Al-Azizi, Hani Jneid
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) allows direct visualization of coronary arteries. As a result of the high accuracy, CCTA has been proposed as an initial step in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute chest pain to rule out obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). The effect of the initial CCTA strategy on downstream testing with coronary angiogram and coronary revascularization is yet to be delineated.

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of CCTA in patients presenting to the ED with acute chest pain compared to standard of care (SoC). Method: We searched PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL Register, and (inception through July 1st, 2023) for randomized clinical trials evaluating the outcomes of CCTA in acute chest pain. We used a random-effect model to calculate risk ratio (RR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). The endpoints were all-cause mortality, major adverse cardiac events (MACE), rates of coronary angiography, and length of stay (LOS).

Results: A total of 17 studies comprising 9237 patients were included in the analysis. Compared to SoC, the CCTA group had a shorter length of hospitalization (RR -0.3; 95%CI -0.64- -0.13; P = 0.0005). There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality or MACE (RR 0.8; 95%CI 0.45- 1.5; P = 0.52) and (RR -1.00; 95%CI 0.76- 1.3; P = 0.98), respectively. Rates of coronary angiography did not differ between the two groups (RR 0.93; 95%CI 0.61- 1.41; P = 0.96).

Conclusion: CCTA is a reliable non-invasive imaging modality that can play a significant role in evaluating acute chest pain in the emergency department and is associated with a decrease in the length of stay without an increase in MACE. There was no increase in downstream coronary angiogram or coronary revascularization in the CCTA group.

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