DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18858 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18858: At Heart , a Progressive Web App for Women With Heart Disease: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

Monica Parry, Hance Clarke, Ann Kristin Bjørnnes, Paula Harvey, Colleen M Norris, Louise Pilote, Jennifer Price, Vincenza Spiteri DeBonis, Donna Hart, Nicole Nickerson, Arland O'Hara
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction/Background: At heart ’s novel core feature set includes a Heart Check, Wellness Check, and a Library, with an interactive Chatbot to manage its content and conversations. at heart is the first of its kind; there are no previous trials of an intervention rigorously developed and tested. Goals/Aims: The overall goal of this study was to develop and evaluate a digital health intervention for women with heart disease. Specific aims of the pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) were to examine: 1) the feasibility of randomization, recruitment, and retention, 2) acceptability and barriers to implementation (including the symptom triage algorithms), and 3) engagement with the intervention.

Methods/Approach: This was a two-group parallel single blind pilot RCT. Women greater than 18 years of age with heart disease were recruited, all women spoke and read English. Following completion of baseline measures, participants were randomized to either an intervention or a usual care group. Participants randomized to the intervention group used at heart for 3 months. Recruitment, retention, and adverse events were tracked and engagement was assessed using Google Analytics . Acceptability was assessed with a six-item modified Acceptability e-Scale (AES), yielding a total acceptability score of 6-30.

Results/Data: A total of 98 women were assessed for eligibility, 18 were excluded. Eighty women were randomized, 40 allocated to usual care and 40 to receive the intervention. Attrition was low. Mean age was 57 years (SD 13), 32% (n=27) were employed full time, and 48% (n=41) had a post-secondary diploma/certificate. There were 226 heart checks; 1-15 per participant, most symptoms were triaged as low risk (n=176, 78%). There were 198 wellness checks, 1-12 per participant. The mean number of articles accessed in the library was 8 per participant. The mean acceptability score was 23.46 (SD 4.87), there were no barriers to implementation, and no adverse events were reported.

Conclusion(s): The at heart intervention is feasible; women were engaged and reported high acceptability scores. A larger, powered RCT is necessary.

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