DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18797 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18797: Use of Convolutional Neural Networks to Detect Overweight and Obesity and Estimate Body Mass Index

Grace Greason, Kathryn Mangold, Betsy Medina-Inojosa, Jwan Naser, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Zachi Attia
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Our team has previously developed convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to estimate age and sex from a 10-second, 12-lead ECG as indicators of patient wellness. Here, we develop an additional wellness network to estimate body mass index (BMI) from the ECG input signal.

Aims: To evaluate the performance of neural networks trained to classify and directly estimate BMI.

Methods: We identified all adult patients in the Mayo Clinic system who had a 10-second, 12-lead ECG within 15 days of a BMI measurement. Of the&nbsp;174,863 patients in the cohort, 2,895 were underweight (BMI < 18.5), 42,387 were of normal weight (BMI 18.5-24.9), and 57,939 were overweight only (BMI 25.0-29.9). Among patients categorized as obese, 39,788 had class I obesity (BMI 30.0-34.9), 18,978 had class II obesity (BMI 35.0-39.9), and 12,876 had class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40.0). The cohort was split into training, validation, and testing datasets in an 8:1:1 ratio to develop networks for BMI classification and a direct&nbsp;estimation of BMI.

Results: In detecting overweight in the testing set, the model achieved an AUC of 0.86 (95% CI 0.85, 0.87). In detecting class I, class II, and class III obesity, the model yielded AUCs of 0.84 (95% CI 0.83, 0.85), 0.84 (95% CI 0.83, 0.85), and 0.85 (95% CI 0.85, 0.86), respectively. The model to estimate BMI achieved a mean absolute error of 3.70.

Conclusions: AI-enabled ECGs demonstrate efficient detection of overweight patients and all classes of obesity. Further research is needed to determine if discrepancies between the traditionally measured BMI and the AI-ECG BMI reflect the presence or lack of metabolic abnormalities.

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