DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18676 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18676: Aneurysmectomy or No Aneurysmectomy - An Unknown Heart Failure Terrain

Mouna Penmetsa, Mai Badr, Vidya Nadig, Peter Vlismas, Andrew Scatola
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Case Report: A 40-year male with a history of traumatic inferoapical ventricular septal rupture after a motor vehicle accident status post patch repair and left ventricular thrombus on Rivaroxaban presented to the ED with hemoptysis. The patient on arrival was hemodynamically stable. CTA revealed a new 6.9 cm left ventricular pseudoaneurysm and an echocardiogram revealed an EF of 30% with a pseudoaneurysm involving the entire distal septum, lateral wall, and apex and a ventricular septal rupture into the intraventricular septum. Cardiac MRI revealed a pseudoaneurysm from the inferoseptal wall measuring 9.6 x 6.9 x 10.0 cm and a stroke volume of 123 mL. A right heart catheterization revealed no evidence of left-to-right shunting. Given heart failure with reduced ejection fraction in the setting of a pseudoaneurysm and the complexity of aneurysm repair, advanced heart failure and cardiothoracic surgery teams were consulted for conventional surgical and transplant evaluation. Due to social barriers, the patient was declined from transplant and ultimately proceeded with patch repair. Intraoperative echocardiography revealed a post-operative EF of 25%.

Discussion: This case highlights the need for further data on pseudoaneurysms that are confounded with concurrent heart failure. For this patient, the concerns were for adequate stroke volume given the extent of the pseudoaneurysm and whether improvement in systolic function could be seen with repair or result in further decline. It was postulated that surgical repair would raise his effective stroke volume, and thus improve cardiac function. Postoperative EF changes could have been further explained by myocardial stunning during anesthesia or rapid changes in end-diastolic volume with aneurysmectomy altering Frank-Starling hemodynamics. With isolated case report data, further aneurysmectomy outcome characterization is thus imperative to guide advanced heart failure treatment and improve patient mortality.

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