DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18575 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18575: Impact of Mechanical Circulatory Support on In-Hospital Mortality in Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation: A United States Nationwide Analysis

Abdul Rahman Akkawi, Omar Chehab, Alexandros Briasoulis
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices have emerged as a valuable tool in ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation procedures, offering potential benefits such as improved hemodynamic stability, preserved organ perfusion, and optimized coronary perfusion during prolonged VT induction and mapping. However, the impact of different MCS modalities on in-hospital mortality following VT ablation remains unclear.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the impact of various MCS modalities on in-hospital mortality in those undergoing VT ablation during hospitalization.

Method: We analyzed data from the National Inpatient Sample to identify patients who underwent VT ablation and received transient mechanical cardiac support between 2019 and 2020. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality, stratified by different MCS modalities. Additionally, we explored independent predictors of in-hospital mortality.

Result: A total of 850 patients underwent VT ablation and required MCS from January 2019 to December 2020. Among these patients, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), percutaneous left ventricular assist device (PLVAD), intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), and a combination of more than one MCS modality were utilized in 5.8%, 64.7%, 18.8%, and 10.5% of cases, respectively. The in-hospital mortality rates for these groups were 40%, 16%, 22%, and 61%, respectively (p<0.01). Notably, the use of multiple MCS modalities, female sex, other races, and self-payment were independent predictors of mortality, with adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of 21.9 (p=0.008; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.2-217.1), 9.27 (p=0.045; 95% CI: 1.1-82.1), 27 (p=0.038; 95% CI: 1.1-29.4), and 27.6 (p=0.041; 95% CI: 1.2-660.8), respectively.

Conclusion: Our study highlights that the use of multiple MCS modalities, female sex, other races, and self-payment are independent predictors of in-hospital mortality, highlighting the need for careful consideration and selection of MCS for VT ablation patients.

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