DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18479 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18479: Lack of Catalytic and Non-Catalytic Function of PI3 Kinase Gamma in Mice Increases Hypoxia-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension

Leoni Gnatzy-Feik, Eva Berghausen, Marius Vantler, Müller Rebekka, Mario Zierden, Alessandra Ghigo, Emilio Hirsch, Stephan Baldus, Stephan Rosenkranz
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Rationale: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterised by vasoconstriction and remodelling of pulmonary vessels, leading to elevated pulmonary arterial pressure and right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy. PI 3-kinase γ (PI3Kγ) is expressed in leukocytes, cardiomyocytes, and endothelial cells (EC) which are all involved in the pathogenesis of PH. The catalytic function of PI3Kγ is involved in leukocyte recruitment and EC proliferation which are important for vascular remodelling and maladaptive cardiac hypertrophy whereas its non-catalytic function affects cardiac contractility via cAMP signaling. Furthermore, inactivation of PI3Kγ impairs nitric oxide production by eNOS, which may lead to increased vascular resistance. Therefore, we investigated the role of both catalytic and non-catalytic functions of PI3Kγ in the pathogenesis of PH.

Methods: PI3Kγ knockout mice (PI3Kγ -/- ), as well as mice with a catalytically inactive form of PI3Kγ (PI3Kγ KD/KD ) were exposed to hypoxia-induced PH (21 days at 10% O 2 hypoxia (HOX)). Systolic right ventricular pressure (RVSP) was measured using a Millar pressure catheter inserted via the jugular vein. RV hypertrophy was determined by Fulton's index.

Results: PI3Kγ -/- mice showed significantly increased RVSP after hypoxia compared to WT controls (HOX WT 34.16±3.21 mmHg vs HOX PI3Kγ -/- 37.04±2.31 mmHg; p=0.0049). Already under normoxia (NOX), an increased RVSP was measured in PI3Kγ -/- mice (NOX WT 26.13±1.2mmHg vs. NOX PI3Kγ -/- 28.07±0.88 mmHg, p=0.0157). A significant increase in RVSP was also detected in PI3Kγ KD/KD (HOX WT 34.67±2.02 mmHg vs. HOX PI3Kγ KD/KD 37.95±1.39 mmHg; p=0.0228). Here, a significant increase in RV hypertrophy was evident for PI3Kγ KD/KD mice (HOX WT 0.38±0.06 vs. HOX PI3Kγ KD/KD 0.46±0.09; p=0.0037) which was not detected in PI3Kγ -/- compared to WT controls after hypoxia.

Conclusion: The results show that both catalytic and non-catalytic inactivation of PI3Kγ in vivo do not counteract the pathogenesis of PH, but conversely enhance it. In this context, reduced phosphorylation of eNOS may play a crucial role, leading to increased vasoconstriction, whereas increased cAMP levels in PI3Kγ -/- may help the RV to adapt to the increased pressure. The exact mechanisms will be analysed in the future.

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