DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18348 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18348: Causes and Predictors of 30-Day Readmissions Following Permanent Pacemaker Implantation in Patients With Cardiac Amyloidosis: From National Readmission Database (2016-2020)

Rohan Gajjar, Gianfranco Bittar Carlini, Ufuk Vardar, Sadichhya Karki, Taha Teaima, Bhavin A Patel, Manoj Kumar, Aviral Vij
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is an infiltrative cardiomyopathy where local deposition of amyloid fibrils causes heart failure, arrhythmias, and conduction system abnormalities. Involvement of the AV nodal and infra-hisian conduction system increases the need for a permanent pacemaker (PPM). Studies have noted worse outcomes in patients with implantable-cardioverter defibrillator placement in amyloidosis, but a comparison with PPM is lacking. We sought to analyze readmissions in CA patients following PPM placement utilizing National Readmission Database (NRD).

Methods: NRD (2016 to 2020) was queried to identify adults with a diagnosis of CA who underwent PPM implantation using ICD-10 CM and PCS codes. The primary outcome was a 30-day readmission rate. Secondary outcomes were in-hospital mortality, length of stay (LOS), total hospital charge (THC), and predictors of readmission. Multivariate/univariate logistic and linear regression analyses were used to analyze the outcomes and adjust for possible confounders.

Results: A total of 1,027 encounters of CA who underwent PPM were identified, of which 975 were discharged alive. Within 30 days from discharge, 141 (14.5%) were readmitted. Those readmitted had a longer LOS and higher burden of comorbidities while were similar in age, sex, hospital characteristics, and household income status. Readmissions lead to an additional mean THC of $55,079 and a mean LOS of 6.3 days. The top five causes of readmissions were heart failure (23%), sepsis (6.6%), hypertensive heart disease (4%), bradycardia (3.5%), and acute kidney injury (3.2%). Figure-1 shows the forest plot of a multivariate analysis of independent factors associated with readmissions.

Conclusions: Our findings show that up to 15% of patients with CA who undergo PPM implantation get readmitted with heart failure being the most common etiology. Optimizing comorbidities with PPM implantation in CA may provide better outcomes and reduce admissions.

More from our Archive