DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18313 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18313: Sex Disparities in Optimal Medical Therapy for Ischemic Heart Disease

Hassan A Alhassan, Harnoor Mann, Leonard Chiu, Malamo Countouris, Amber E Johnson
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Despite secondary prevention guidelines recommending optimal medical therapy (OMT) forischemic heart disease (IHD), which includes antiplatelets, statins, renal-angiotensin aldosterone inhibitors (RAASi), and β-blockers, significant sex disparities in OMT utilization have been observed. However, theimpact of national efforts on narrowing this gap in contemporary cohorts remains uncertain.

Methods: Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cycles 2011-2020, we examined the distribution and trends of OMT medication classes and combinations used in the preceding 30 days (verified through containers in most cases) among adult men and women with self-reported IHD (myocardial infarction or coronary artery disease).

Results: Among 1905 adults included (40.6% women, mean age 65.4years), women had significantlylower proportions of OMT use across all medication classes- antiplatelets (68% vs. 77.7%), statins (57.2% vs. 73.9%), RAASi (45.6% vs. 59.0%), and β-blockers (51.2% vs. 61.1%); as well as combinations such as aspirin+statins (47.4% vs. 64.1%) and all four medications (17.5% vs. 32.5%). After adjusting forsociodemographic and clinical factors, the odds of using antiplatelets (OR 0.71 95%CI 0.52-0.94), statins (OR 0.62, 0.40-0.96), and RAASi (OR 0.56, 0.38-0.84) were significantly lower among women than men,whereas β-blocker use was comparable. Moreover, between 2011 to 2020, fewer women consistentlyreported using statins, RAASi, β-blockers, antiplatelets+statins, and all four medications in each survey cycle.

Conclusion: This nationally representative study reveals persistent sex disparities in OMT utilization forIHD, with women receiving suboptimal treatment compared to men. These findings emphasize the urgentneed for novel targeted interventions to address and mitigate the sex disparities in OMT utilization foreffective IHD prevention.

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