DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18294 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18294: The Effect of Intensive Blood Pressure Lowering on Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Patients With Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Basel Abdelazeem, Youssef Soliman, Amith Reddy R Seri, Abdelrahman Mahmoud, Shafaqat Ali, Mohamed T Abuelazm
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: The effect of intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering on cardiac remodeling remains uncertain, with emerging evidence suggesting that it can prevent the development of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with hypertension (HTN). We aim to investigate the effect of intensive BP lowering on LVH and cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence in HTN patients.

Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis synthesizing randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which were retrieved by systematically searching: PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and Cochrane through June 8 th , 2023. We used the random-effect model to pool dichotomous data using risk ratio (RR) and hazard ratio (HR), with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed to weigh type I and II errors, estimating if the effect is large enough to be unaffected by further studies.

Results: We included four RCTs with a total of 20,747 patients. Two RCTs investigated an intensive target of < 120 mmHg, and another two investigated <130 mmHg. Intensive BP lowering was associated with a decreased risk of LVH incidence (RR: 0.66, with 95% CI [0.56 - 0.77]). Our TSA revealed that the cumulative Z-curve consistently crossed the TSA boundary, indicating a statistically significant effect, signifying that the available evidence has reached a predefined threshold for statistical significance, providing robust evidence. Also, intensive BP lowering was associated with a decreased risk of CVD (HR: 0.71, with 95% CI [0.60 - 0.85]).

Conclusion: Intensive BP lowering protects against LVH in HTN patients. TSA suggests that additional RCTs may not be necessary to establish the efficacy of intensive BP lowering on LVH. Also, intensive BP lowering was associated with decreased CVD incidence; however, LVH did not explain this effect in the included RCTs. Therefore, further research is warranted to explore possible mechanisms of decreasing CVD with intensive BP lowering in HTN patients.

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