DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18219 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18219: J-Shaped Association Between LDL-Cholesterol Level and Cardiovascular Events: A Longitudinal Follow-Up Study Over 2.4 Million Nationwide Primary Prevention Cohort

HAN-MO YANG, Chan Soon Park, Kyung-Do Han
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol lowering treatment showed benefits in patients with high atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk.

Hypothesis: Although high LDL-cholesterol level is known to increase ASCVD risks, prognostic implications of low LDL-cholesterol level remain elusive.

Methods: Using the data from a Korean Nationwide Cohort, we included 2,432,471 subjects without previous ASCVD. From 2009, subjects were followed for myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke until 2018. Subjects were stratified according to 10-year ASCVD risks (<5%, 5 to <7.5%, 7.5 to <20%, and ≥20%) and LDL-cholesterol level (<70, 70-99, 100-129, 130-159, 160-189, and ≥190 mg/dL).

Results: In the overall population (median follow-up: 9.3 years), the relationship between LDL-C level and cardiovascular events showed J-shaped curve. Subjects with LDL-cholesterol <70mg/dL showed increased risk of myocardial infarction compared to those with LDL-cholesterol 70 to <100mg/dL after adjusting covariates in low ASCVD risk group. Similarly, subjects with LDL-cholesterol 70-99 mg/dL and 100-129 mg/dL had lower stroke risks than those with LDL-cholesterol <70mg/dL in low ASCVD risk group. In contrast, LDL-cholesterol level and risks of MI and stroke showed linear association in high ASCVD risk group.

Conclusions: High LDL-cholesterol level is associated with increased risk of MI or stroke, while low LDL-cholesterol level does not warrant safety from ASCVD in the primary prevention setting.

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