DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18184 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18184: Association Between Impaired Global Longitudinal Strain and Long-Term Mortality in Patients With Moderate Aortic Stenosis: A Meta-Analysis

Maharshi Raval, Nishanth Katukuri, Sruthi Venugopalan, Mounika Reddy Vadiyala, Vidit Majmundar, Akhil Jain, Sajid Siddiq, Rupak Desai
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Impaired left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) is associated with worse outcomes in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). However, its prognostic value in patients with moderate AS is still unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of LV GLS on outcomes of patients with moderate AS.

Methods: PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases were systematically reviewed to find relevant studies through June 2023 reporting data on the relationship between the LV GLS and long-term mortality in patients with moderate AS. Binary random effects models were used to estimate pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). I2 statistics were used to interpret heterogeneity, with I2>75% indicating substantial inter-study variation. Leave-one-out meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the effect of each study on the overall estimate. A p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: A total of 172 studies were reviewed, and 4 studies between 2000-2023 were included in our meta-analysis with a median follow-up of 48.5 months and GLS cut-off varying from 11% to 16%. The pooled univariate analysis revealed a significant association between LV GLS and long-term mortality in patients with moderate AS with a pooled OR of 2.02 (95CI 1.04-3.93) p=0.04, I2=94.25%. The multivariate analysis, after adjusting for overall modifiable risk factors, yielded significant results, with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 1.56 (95CI 1.21-2.01) p<0.01, I2=89.48%. Sensitivity analysis, using leave-one-out method, demonstrated robustness and stability of the results with aOR 1.56 (95CI 1.21-2.01) p<0.01.

Conclusions: In patients with moderate AS, impaired LV GLS is associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality. If further randomized studies confirm the prognostic ability of impaired GLS, moderate AS can be redefined, and GLS can be considered in determining the optimal timing for aortic valve intervention.

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