DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18177 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18177: Novel Pre-Operative Non-Invasive Computational 12-Lead ECG Mapping to Facilitate Surgical Ablation of Ventricular Arrhythmias

Gordon Ho, Victor Pretorius, Joelle M Coletta, Jonathan Artrip, Michael M Madani, Gregory K Feld, David E Krummen
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: In patients undergoing cardiac surgery who have ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) such as VT, VF, or PVCs, concurrent surgical ablation is an attractive therapeutic strategy. However, electrophysiologic mapping systems are not routinely available in the OR and it may be difficult to localize the VA origin. We developed a workflow incorporating novel 12-lead ECG computational model-based mapping to localize VAs.

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that use of pre-operative computational ECG mapping can help guide surgical ablation of VAs in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Methods: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with pre-existing VT, VF or PVCs were enrolled with informed consent. A standard 12-lead ECG of the VA was recorded in the clinic or during non-invasive programmed stimulation in the EP lab. ECG mapping localized the VA and visualized on a 3D model. During circulatory arrest, surgical ablation was performed using either cryoablation or irrigated RF ablation probe. Follow-up was performed with event monitors or ICD monitoring.

Results: A total of 7 patients (mean age 55±15 years, female 29%, EF 31%±20%) were enrolled (Table). Surgical indications included mitral annuloplasty (Pt 1), pulmonary thromboendoarterectomy + CABG (Pt 2), coronary artery unroofing (Pt 3), left ventricular assist device (Pt 4-6, Fig 1), and CABG (Pt 7). In this cohort, 5 PVCs, 3 monomorphic VT and 1 VF morphologies were localized using ECG mapping and surgically ablated at time of cardiac surgery. There was a 100% (18 to 0) decrease in VT/VF episodes and 97.2 ± 0.03% reduction in PVC burden at median 9.5 month (IQR 3.7-29.5) follow-up. No intra- or post-operative complications occurred.

Conclusions: This case series illustrates feasibility and excellent efficacy of a novel preoperative ECG mapping workflow using a forward-solution algorithm to guide successful and safe concomitant ventricular arrhythmia ablation during cardiac surgery.

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