DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18173 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18173: Spinal Cord Protective Strategy Before Extensive Surgical Procedure for Patients With Acute Type A Aortic Dissection

Fei Xu
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating complication following total arch replacement (TAR) with frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure in acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of spinal cord protective strategy (SCPS) implemented before this extensive procedure.

Methods: Between January 2013 and December 2021, a total of 1105 ATAAD patients underwent TAR with FET procedure. SCPS included preoperative assessment of segment number of the false lumen closest to the spinal cord between T9-L3 level. If segment number exceeded 5, indicating high risk of postoperative SCI, prophylactic cerebrospinal fluid drainage would be conducted. SCPS was performed since June 2017 at our institution (703 patients). The remaining 402 patients were served as the control group. The two groups were compared to assess the efficacy of SCPS in preventing SCI.

Results: The average age was significantly higher in the SCPS group (48.9±11.1 vs 46.6±10.0, P<0.001). The patients in SCPS group presented with higher percentage of coma (P<0.001). The mean duration of cardiopulmonary bypass was significantly longer in SCPS group (P<0.001), while the mean duration of hypothetical cardiac arrest was significantly lower (P<0.001). Propensity score matching was conducted, resulting in a matched sample of 186 patients from each group to adjust for differences in patient characteristics. The incidence of postoperative SCI was significantly lower in SCPS group (1.7% vs 7.2%, P<0.001). Propensity score matching demonstrated higher estimated incremental protective efficacy of SCPS (1.1% vs 9.7%, P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that preoperative SCPS was an independent protective factor for postoperative SCI (OR=0.226, 95% CI: 0.114-0.448, P<0.001).

Conclusions: The implementation of preoperative SCPS is an effective strategy for reducing the incidence of SCI follow extensive surgical procedure in ATAAD.

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