DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18088 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18088: Survival After Ventricular Tachycardia Onset in Left Ventricular Assist Device Recipients

Patrick T Lynch, Alexandra Maloof, Abdi Rasekh, Ajith Nair, Ilyas Colombowala, Joanna Esther Molina Razavi, Anish Badjatiya, Mihail G Chelu
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Left Ventricular Assist Devices (LVADs) revolutionized the care of patients with heart failure. However, the burden of ventricular tachycardia (VT) increases after LVAD insertion. The role of ablation in treating VT in LVAD recipients is unclear.

Hypothesis: The incidence of VT following LVAD insertion is associated with worse survival, but this association is ameliorated by VT ablation.

Methods: This is a single-center retrospective review of 549 LVAD recipients. LVADs implanted elsewhere, LVADs prior to 2011, and patients with inadequate follow up were excluded. Endpoints were transplantation, explantation, and last date of follow up. Event failure was defined as patient death. Cox and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed with STATA and reported as hazard ratio with 95% confidence interval (HR [95% CI]).

Results: Pre-LVAD VT was seen in 52% of patients: 33% had a prior ICD shock and 12% had a prior VT ablation. At study conclusion, 57% had died, 22% were transplanted, 9% were explanted, and 12% remained alive. Regardless of VT incidence, worse survival was seen in ischemic cardiomyopathy (HR 2.0 [1.5-2.7]), RV failure necessitating RVAD (HR 2.6 [1.9-3.6]), and pre-LVAD ICD shocks (HR 1.3 [1.0-1.7]). While post-LVAD VT overall was not associated with worse survival (HR 1.1 [0.8-1.3]), VT within 1 year of LVAD insertion demonstrated worse survival (HR 1.9 [1.3-2.6]; Figure 1). Incremental years between LVAD insertion and VT onset improved survival (HR 0.8 [0.7-0.9]). Among those with post-LVAD VT, ablation was not associated with a survival difference (IRR 0.9 [0.6-1.4]) regardless of the timing of ablation or VT onset.

Conclusions: The incidence of VT within 1 year of LVAD insertion is associated with worse survival. However, mortality was not improved by VT ablation. This study is limited by its retrospective design, and further prospective studies would better determine the impact of VT ablation on survival in LVAD recipients.

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