DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.18004 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 18004: Impact of a Urine Sodium Guided Treatment Protocol on Acute Heart Failure Length of Stay: A Single Center Quality Improvement Study

Ross A Okazaki, Karishma Pareek, Kyle Jones, Deepa M Gopal
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Inpatient management of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is associated with high costs and in-hospital complications. Traditional methods of assessing response to loop diuretics for ADHF is prone to inaccuracies that may contribute to costs and complications. More objective evidence-based methods of treating ADHF are needed to improve outcomes for these patients.

Hypothesis: We hypothesize a treatment algorithm using Una as an objective marker of response to loop diuretics can decrease hospital length of stay (LOS) for patients with ADHF.

Methods: This quality improvement study took place at a single urban academic center. 3 plan do study act (PDSA) cycles were performed to study the impact of the intervention on key quality metrics. The first two PDSA cycles took place on two medical teams over the course of two weeks each. The third PDSA cycle took place on all medical teams over the course of 5 months. Median hospital LOS, rates of readmission and acute kidney injury (AKI), and protocol use rates were calculated.

Results: An average of 78 patients per month were admitted with ADHF. Protocol implementation rate was 58%. Patients in the first two PDSA cycles with ADHF who were managed with the UNa protocol on average had lower hospital LOS by 1 day and similar rates of acute kidney injury (AKI). Patients in the third PDSA cycle, however, did not experience any change in hospital LOS or AKI. Readmission rates were stable across all PDSA cycles.

Conclusions: Protocoling the implementation of spot uNa to diuretic management in a large academic hospital required extensive multi-disciplinary coordination. While there was no observable impact on key quality metrics, maintaining high levels of protocol adherence remains a challenge. The impact of acute and chronic kidney injury on Una-protocol performance should be evaluated. Finally, the efficacy of a Una-based treatment approach across diverse patient demographics must be better understood.

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