DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17879 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17879: Assessing the Safety of an Early Repatriation Strategy for Uncomplicated ST-Elevation Myocardial Patients After Primary Percutaneous Intervention

Shanjot Brar, Razi Khan, Farshad Hosseini, Albert Chan, Jahangir Charania, Roger Philipp, Minh Vo, Tycho Vuurmans, Natasha Kohli
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Repatriation of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is common in Canadian regional health care programs. However, the safety of early repatriation after PPCI in uncomplicated STEMI patients remains unknown. We aimed to compare the outcomes between uncomplicated STEMI patients repatriated early (transfer to home hospital ≤4hrs of PPCI completion) vs. those who remained at the PPCI-hospital until discharge.

Methods: We performed a retrospective, cohort study examining consecutive, uncomplicated STEMI patients treated with PPCI between 2016-2018 in the Fraser Health Authority. Patients were designated as uncomplicated if there was no evidence of cardiogenic shock, prolonged cardiac arrest or congestive heart failure requiring mechanical ventilation. Outcomes of interest included discharge with guideline-based medical therapy (GBMT) and a composite of 1-year major cardiovascular events.

Results: A total of 787 patients were included for analysis, with 62% (n=492) being repatriated early. Early repatriated patients were similar in age and baseline characteristics when compared with those discharged from the PPCI-based hospital. Interestingly, early repatriated patients were more likely to be discharged on GBMT (89% vs. 83%, p=0.015) In multivariate analysis, early repatriation was not associated with worsened 1-year cardiovascular outcomes (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.6782,1.6521, p=0.80). Independent predictors of 1-year major cardiovascular outcomes included hypertension (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.0918-2.8349, p=0.02) and discharge with GBMT (OR 0.49, 95% CI 0.2831-0.8465, p=0.01). Amongst the subset of early repatriated patients, primary treatment by cardiologist vs internist did not result in differences in 1-year outcomes (10% vs. 8%, p=0.23) or discharge with GBM (87% vs. 83%, p=0.09).

Conclusions: Early repatriation of uncomplicated STEMI patients after PPCI was associated with outcomes similar to those having ongoing care at the PPCI-based hospital. Therefore, early repatriation serves as a safe treatment strategy for regional STEMI programs and may be particularly relevant for PPCI centres with limited bed capacity.

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