DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17863 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17863: Analysis of Social Determinants of Health, Burden of Treatment and Quality of Life in Patients With Heart Failure With Preserved and Reduced Ejection Fraction, a Single Center Study With Six Months Follow Up

Kenneth Johan, Chee Yao Lim, Pinal Patel, Inderpreet Singh, Israel Duran Santibanez, Jeffrey Evans, Jorge Gutierrez, Favour Markson, Betina Sinanova, Ammar Vohra, Laverne YIP, Aditya Bhaskaran, Harsh Sura, vidya menon
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Heart failure (HF) is a chronic debilitating disease with immense burden on the patient’s life. This study aims to investigate the clinical characteristics, social determinants of health (SDOH), burden of treatment (BoT), and quality of life (QoL) of patients with heart failure with preserved and reduced ejection fraction (HFpEF and HFrEF).

Methods: Data from 191 patients (63 HFpEF, 128 HFrEF) were collected from February 2022 to March 2023. Validated questionnaires including SDoH, BoT and QoL were filled by the patient on admission and in 6 months as a follow up. Descriptive statistics were used to compare the demographic and clinical characteristics of HFpEF and HFrEF patients. Inferential statistics, including logistic regression, were used to analyze the associations between SDOH, BoT, QoL, and 30-day readmission rates.

Results: Distribution between both groups is similar to the general population. HFpEF patients experienced more interpersonal challenges and reported greater difficulty with self-care and usual activities. HFrEF patients had higher rates of substances, alcohol, and tobacco use. Regarding readmission, HFpEF patients with medication difficulties and HFrEF patients with difficulty accessing healthcare services were more likely to be readmitted. Both HFrEF and HFpEF patients showed significant improvement in SDOH, QoL and BoT in the follow up data (Table 1).

Conclusions: The study findings highlight the distinct clinical characteristics, SDOH, BoT, and QoL factors associated with HFpEF and HFrEF. These findings can contribute to targeted interventions and improved patient care. Moreover, the study emphasizes the importance of addressing social and personal factors influencing HF outcomes, aiming to reduce healthcare disparities and improve patient well-being. The results have implications for healthcare providers, policymakers, and researchers in improving the management and outcomes of heart failure patients.

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