DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17764 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17764: Clinical Outcomes and Predictors of Vasoplegia in Patients Undergoing Orthotopic Cardiac Transplantation at a High-Volume Single-Center

Jameson G Wilbur, Jonathan Wright, Yasaman Navari, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Sujal Modi, Nevin Britto, Nkongho Binda, Bryan Whitson, Asvin Ganapathi, Sakima A Smith
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Patients undergoing heart transplantation are at significant risk of the developing post-operative vasoplegia, which is associated with poor outcomes. Despite significant burden to these patients, risk factors for development of vasoplegia are poorly understood. We assess these risk factors and outcomes in patients undergoing orthotopic heart transplant at our high-volume academic center.

Methods: 173 patients underwent cardiac transplantation between January 1 st , 2015 and February 28 th 2022 at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. Baseline demographics, operative characteristics, peri-operative management, and long-term follow-up data were obtained. Vasoplegia was defined as provider documentation of vasoplegia for patients with persistent hypotension requiring the use of one or more vasopressors to maintain mean arterial pressures >65 mmHg in the absence of other explainable causes (cardiogenic shock, sepsis, etc.) The two primary endpoints assessed were development of vasoplegia in the 48 hours post-transplant and all-cause mortality. Statistical significance was assessed using Chi-squared, analysis of variance, or Kruskal-Wallis where appropriate.

Results: In total, 173 patients underwent cardiac transplantation. 89 (51.4%) developed vasoplegia in the post-operative period. 130 (75.1%) were males. The average age at transplant was 56 years. Patients with vasoplegia were more likely to have history of atrial fibrillation (p=0.01) and had higher BMI (p<0.01) compared to those without. There were otherwise no significant differences in demographic data such as past medical history and medication history in those with and without vasoplegia. Patients with vasoplegia had significantly higher cardiopulmonary bypass times (p=0.01), aortic cross-clamp times (p<0.01) and need for red blood cell transfusion peri-operatively (p=0.02). Patients with vasoplegia had higher 30-day mortality (p=0.03), however there was no significant difference in 1-year mortality for those with and without vasoplegia.

Conclusions: Vasoplegia is common following orthotopic heart transplant, and short-term mortality is high. Appropriate risk-stratification is paramount in caring for these high-risk patients.

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