DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17742 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17742: Anterior Papillary Muscle Rupture After a Motor Vehicle Collision: A Rare Case of Torrential Tricuspid Regurgitation After Blunt Cardiac Injury

Deepika Potarazu, Syed Peer, paula ferrada
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Blunt cardiac injury is difficult to diagnose in the setting of polytrauma. Here we present a rare case of a torrential tricuspid regurgitation from a ruptured anterior papillary muscle after a motor vehicle collision (MVC).

Case: A 55-year-old male presented to the ED after an MVC. He was hemodynamically unstable and hypoxic en route complaining of severe chest and left leg pain. Imaging demonstrated multiple rib fractures, a left acetabular fracture, and left open distal femur fracture. EKG identified atrial fibrillation with RVR and nonspecific ST changes. Labs were significant for leukocytosis and a troponin elevation to 11.98 concerning for blunt cardiac injury. A TTE demonstrated a mobile density in the RA and RV consistent with papillary muscle rupture and severe tricuspid regurgitation. An underfilled left ventricle compressed by the right heart and dilated RV were noted with septal flattening consistent with RV pressure and volume overload. Cardiothoracic surgery was consulted and recommended delayed tricuspid valve repair after other acute injuries were addressed considering the need for full anticoagulation. While in the ICU, his orthopedic injuries were addressed though his hemodynamics were complicated by frequent orthopedic interventions requiring blood transfusions. He later underwent TV replacement and it was found that the anterior papillary muscle was ruptured at its base without leaflet perforation. One week post-operatively the patient suffered a hypoxic PEA arrest. The shock team was consulted and he underwent bedside ECMO cannulation with impella placement for LV failure. After ten days on ECMO he was decannulated. Ultimately, the patient recovered well and was discharged to acute rehab.

Discussion: MVCs are a leading cause of traumatic tricuspid insufficiency. However, this life-threatening condition may go undetected due polytrauma and the presence of coexisting distracting injuries. Guidelines are needed for the specific management of traumatic tricuspid regurgitation and associated right heart dysfunction. Additionally, the need for multiple surgical interventions can preclude anticoagulation which is a unique barrier to urgent valve replacement in these patients.

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