DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17679 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17679: Prognostic Implications of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Regression Based on 4-Tiered Classification of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

Gyu Tae Park, Hyue Mee Kim, In-chang Hwang
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: 4-tiered classification of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH), which accounts for increased LV wall thickness and LV volume, has been suggested to identify subgroups of patients at differential risk. This study was conducted to evaluate prognostic impact of 4-tiered classification of LVH in newly diagnosed hypertension patients with LVH.

Methods: We retrospectively enrolled patients who had LVH on echocardiography at the time of diagnosis and had serial echocardiography taken within a 6-18-month interval with anti-hypertensive medication. Patients were divided into 5 groups based on 4-tiered LVH classification (eccentric LVH with dilatation or without dilatation, concentric with dilatation or without dilatation), and LVH regression group by the follow up echocardiography. The primary outcome was the composite of adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, including CV death, hospitalization for heart failure, coronary revascularization, stroke, and aortic events.

Results: Among the 837 patients in the five groups the concentric LVH group and dilated eccentric group demonstrated significantly higher incidence of CV outcomes. Compared with LVH regression group, those with dilated concentric (adjusted hazard ratio [adjHR]: 8.95; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.34 to 18.48), dilated eccentric (adjHR: 6.24; 95% CI: 2.96-13.18), non-dilated concentric (adjHR: 2.04; 95% CI: 1.26-3.32) LVH exhibited increased in CV risk according to multivariable cox-regression analysis. However, the non-dilated eccentric LVH group did not demonstrate a significant increase in CV risk (adjHR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.24-2.35).

Conclusions: In patients with hypertension, regression of LVH during anti-hypertensive treatment is associated with better CV outcomes. However, non-dilated eccentric group were not increase CV risk compared with regression group. The 4-tiered LVH classification can be helpful to stratifying CV risk in patients with hypertension.

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