DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17605 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17605: Multidisciplinary Team Approach in the Management of Pregnant Women With Complex Congenital Heart Disease: A Case Series

Andrew H Nguyen, Aditya Mehta, anurag sahu
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Women with congenital heart disease (CHD) now live well into adulthood and consider pregnancy. A multidisciplinary team approach is crucial to the management of complex pregnant cardio-obstetrics patients. Here, we present a case series of three patients where careful team-based care resulted in successful delivery and without significant postpartum complications.

Case series: Baseline patient characteristics and delivery details are summarized in Table 1. Patient 1, with history of repaired bicuspid aortic valve (AV) and subsequent severe bioprosthetic aortic stenosis, presented with incalcitrant supraventricular tachycardia leading to an urgent c-section. Patient 2, with history of complete Shone complex, underwent emergent c-section in the cardiac OR with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation on standby after developing rapid atrial tachycardia. Patient 3 fortunately did not suffer difficulties during her pre-planned c-section. She had a history of partial AV canal defect and subaortic membrane causing severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Despite the differences between their hospitalizations and pregnancy course, utilizing a multidisciplinary approach led to no long-term postpartum complications and delivery of healthy neonates for all three patients.

Discussion: Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of maternal mortality accounting for greater than 25% of deaths. CHD is the most common CV condition encountered in pregnant women. Consistent with the Presidential Advisory from the AHA and ACOG, development of a cardio-obstetrics team is vital to managing complex maternal CV disease and minimizing CV morbidity and mortality.

Conclusion: Integrating the expertise and collaboration among a multidisciplinary cardio-obstetrics team from preconception through the postpartum period allows for individualized care necessary to optimize maternal and fetal outcomes for women with complex CHD.

More from our Archive