DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17381 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17381: Relationship Between Amaurosis Fugax and Intraplaque Hemorrhage in Patient With Carotid Plaques

Karlo A Wiley, Allison Anker, Cristina Sanina, Guliz Kozdag Gold
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: The term amaurosis fugax is often used interchangeably to describe transient visual loss. However, it is employed widely in medicine to refer to any cause of transient monocular visual loss. Amaurosis fugax is associated with an imminent stroke and it could be linked to vascular thromboembolic events arising from the internal carotid arterial system. The aims of the study are to determine the plaque characteristics of patients who underwent carotid artery revascularization and the relationship of plaque characteristics with amaurosis fugax.

Methods: Before elective carotid revascularization 44 patients (mean age 72±8 years; 25 males, 19 females) underwent 3-T MRI. After localization of the carotid bifurcation using phase contrast imaging, Time-of-Flight, 3D T1 weighting, transverse T1 and T2 weightings and proton density sequences were acquired. The different plaque components: lipid rich core, intraplaque hemorrhage, calcification and the characterization of the fibrous cap were assessed.

Results: Carotid plaque samples had the following characteristics: Intraplaque hemorrhage (59%), surface defects (38.6%), stable fibrous cap (27.3%), lipid rich necrotic core (18%), and calcifications (11.4%). Amaurosis fugax history was identified in 7 patients (15.9%). Plaque samples from all 7 patients who had experienced amaurosis fugax revealed intraplaque hemorrhage. MRI revealed intraplaque hemorrhage in 19 (51%) patients without history of amaurosis fugax (p=0.016). The rest of the plaque characteristics did not show any statistically significant relationship with history of amaurosis fugax.

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that intraplaque hemorrhage may be correlated to amaurosis fugax.

More from our Archive