DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17344 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17344: Risk Factors for Disease Severity in Cardiac Laminopathy

Ramin Garmany, Raquel Neves, Martina Gluscevic, Konstantinos Siontis, Naveen L Pereira, Michael J Ackerman, John Giudicessi
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Disease-causative variants in LMNA -encoded lamin A/C cause a penetrant dilated cardiomyopathy associated with conduction disease (CD) and ventricular arrhythmias (VA). Prior studies show conflicting results regarding the effect of sex, variant type, and CD on severity and sudden death risk in cardiac laminopathy.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we utilized a single-center genetic arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy registry (N=432) to identify patients with ultra-rare LMNA variants and ascertain the effect of sex, mutation type, and clinical presentation on disease severity. Advanced heart failure (AHF) events were defined as ventricular assist device placement or cardiac transplantation whereas VA events were defined as sudden cardiac arrest, sustained ventricular arrhythmia, or appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shock.

Results: The LMNA variant-positive cohort (N=83) had an age of diagnosis of 36 ± 10 years with 80% showing a cardiac phenotype. No difference in the age at diagnosis (37 vs. 34 years; p=0.3) or prevalence of AHF events (14% vs. 18%; p=0.8) and VA events (34% vs. 36%; p=0.9) was observed between females (N=50) and males (N=33). Furthermore, there was no difference in age of diagnosis (37 vs. 33 years; p=0.1) or prevalence of AHF (14% vs. 12%; p=0.9) and VA events (33% vs. 34%; p=0.9) between individuals with missense (N=42) or frameshift (N=32) variants. Interestingly, in comparison to individuals that presented with isolated CD (N=11) those that first presented with left ventricular dysfunction or arrhythmias (atrial or ventricular) (N=41) were more likely to have VA events (9% vs. 53%; p=0.01) and AHF events (0% vs 29%; p=0.05). In addition, those with structural/arrhythmic presentation had earlier time to VA events (15 years vs. 22 years; p=0.04) and AHF events (23 vs undefined; p=0.09) than those with CD.

Conclusions: Contrary to prior studies, in this large single-center cardiac laminopathy study, sex and mutation type were not associated with increased risk of AHF or VA events. However, patients presenting with isolated CD had a lower risk of AHF and VA events. Contemporary multi-center studies are needed to better ascertain risk factors associated with AHF and VA events in cardiac laminopathy.

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