DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17188 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17188: Electrocardiographic Algorithms for Localization Ventricular Ectopy From the Ventricular Outflow Tracts Demonstrate Poor Accuracy and Agreement

Albert Howell, Kelly Arps, Albert Sun, Hau-Tieng Wu, Zak Loring
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) commonly arise from the outflow tracts of the left and right ventricles and can be treated with catheter ablation when symptomatic or associated with cardiomyopathy. Accurate localization of these ectopic sources aids procedural planning. Several different electrocardiographic (ECG) algorithms have been published, but their relative performance has not been assessed.

Objective: Compare the accuracy and agreement of three ECG algorithms for PVC localization.

Methods: ECGs from patients who underwent catheter ablation for PVCs or VT originating the outflow tract region were analyzed using three published PVC localization algorithms. The predictions from these algorithms were then compared to the site of successful catheter ablation (right ventricular outflow tract [RVOT], left ventricular outflow tract [LVOT], or epicardium). The accuracy and agreement of the three algorithms were compared.

Results: A total of 43 patients were evaluated and ectopy was suppressed via ablation from a single chamber in 37 (86%) of patients. VT/PVCs originated from the RVOT (N=10), LVOT (N=26), and epicardium (N=1). The three studied algorithms demonstrated accuracy rates of 46-70%. The algorithms disagreed on the predicted ectopy location for 19 (51%) patients. When all algorithms agreed (N=18), the prediction was accurate for only 11 patients (61%).

Conclusion: Rules-based ECG algorithms demonstrate poor performance and use of different published algorithms frequently result in disparate results. More accurate and consistent methods incorporating individualized electroanatomic variation may improve accuracy and periprocedural management for PVC and VT ablation.

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