DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17187 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17187: The Relationship Between N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide Levels and Poor Outcomes in Covid-19 Patients

Hywel Soney, Manavjot S Sidhu
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a biomarker reflecting increased cardiac stress. It is a key variable in assessing patients with various pathologies. However, assessment of NT-proBNP as a variable in the prognostication of poor outcomes in COVID-19 patients is lacking. In addition, COVID-19 has brought its own variables and sequelae along with overlapping pathologies in a variety of systems.

Hypothesis: With the systemic impact that COVID-19 can have, NT-proBNP represents a variable that will aid in identifying patients at higher risk of poor outcomes. We aim to assess the utility of NT-proBNP to help predict the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and mortality in patients hospitalized with COVID-19.

Methods: Using a multi-center observational database, we analyzed 1,692 hospitalized COVID-19 PCR-positive patients at Methodist Health System from March to July 2020. We examined NT-proBNP levels, in-hospital death or hospice referral rates, and incidence of MACE in the cohort. MACE was defined as congestive heart failure (CHF) exacerbation, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, myocarditis, pericarditis, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, pulmonary embolism/deep vein thrombosis, or shock. The incidence of mortality and MACE were compared between patients with and without elevated NT-proBNP levels. Elevated NT-proBNP levels were those >900 pg/mL. A chi-square ( X 2 ) and odds ratio (OR) test were used to analyze observed variables.

Results: Of the 1,692 hospitalized patients, 576 patients (34.0%) arrived with elevated NT-proBNP levels. Patients with elevated NT-proBNP had a higher incidence of mortality (OR=3.2559, 95% CI=2.522-5.203, p<0.0001) and MACE (OR=6.564, 95% CI=5.255-8.199, p<0.0001) compared to patients with NT-proBNP levels <900 pg/mL. Additionally, the elevated NT-proBNP patients had a higher incidence of CHF exacerbation, MI, and shock compared to patients with NT-proBNP levels <900 pg/mL.

Conclusions: NT-proBNP levels can be a vital tool in recognizing COVID-19 patients who are at higher risk of poor outcomes. The use of NT-proBNP can further aid in prognostication in patients presenting to the hospital with COVID-19.

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