DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.17145 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 17145: Impact of Preoperative Levosimendan in Patients With Severe Heart Failure Undergoing Left Ventricular Assist Device Support: A Meta-Analysis

Pedro Luciano, Nicole Felix, Lara Melo Soares Pinho de Carvalho, Alleh Nogueira, Clara Siqueira, Rhanderson Cardoso, Giuliano Generoso
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are frequently employed as a bridge to transplant or destination therapy. The implementation of preventive preoperative measures can have a beneficial impact on the prognosis of patients undergoing LVAD implantation. However, the role of levosimendan in this context remains uncertain.

Goals: To evaluate the efficacy of preoperative levosimendan in reducing complications after LVAD implantation.

Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library for studies comparing the use of levosimendan before LVAD implantation vs. standard of care alone in May 2023. Statistical analyses were performed using Review Manager 5.4.1. Heterogeneity was assessed with I2 statistics.

Results: Four studies comprising 4032 patients who underwent LVAD implantation were included, of whom 15,2% were on preoperative levosimendan. There was no significant difference between groups in 30-day mortality (OR, 0.95 [95% CI, 0.70-1.28], I2=0%, p=0.73 - Fig. 1A), right ventricular failure (OR, 0.92 [95% CI, 0.47-1.80], I2=69%, p=0.81 - Fig. 1B), or length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay (mean difference, 2.63 [95% CI, -2.07-7.33], I2=92%, p=0.27 - Fig. 1C).

Conclusions: In this meta-analysis, the preoperative use of levosimendan was not associated with reduced mortality, right ventricular failure, or length of ICU stay in patients undergoing LVAD implantation.

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