DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.16776 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 16776: Recurrent Admission of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Among Patients With and Without PAD and Its Significance in the CKD Population: The ARIC Cohort Study

Zainali S Chunawala, Deepak L Bhatt, Arman Qamar, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Robert J Mentz, Kunihiro Matsushita, Justin L Grodin, Ambarish Pandey, Melissa C Caughey
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are common comorbidities in patients with heart failure (HF). Importantly, CKD is associated with a greater risk of incident PAD and is a known risk factor for worse outcomes in HF patients. However, it is unclear whether the concomitant existence of PAD and CKD increases the risk of recurrent hospitalization for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).

Methods: Since 2005, the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study has conducted hospital surveillance of ADHF with events verified by physician review. Demographics, comorbidities, laboratory data, and medications were abstracted from medical record by trained personnel. Hazard ratios of ADHF readmissions were analyzed using repeat-events Cox regression. Models were adjusted for age, race, sex, year and hospital of admission, coronary artery disease (CAD), COPD, and diabetes mellitus. CKD was defined by glomerular filtration rate [GFR] ≤60 mL/min/1.73m 2 .

Results: From 2005-2018, there were 1049 index hospitalizations for ADHF (mean age 77 years, 66% white) with measured creatinine, who were discharged alive. Of these, 155 (15%) had a diagnosis of PAD and 66% had CKD stage 3a or worse (GFR ≤60 mL/min/1.73m 2 ). Patients with PAD had a greater prevalence of smoking, CAD, myocardial infarction, and stroke. The 1-year ADHF readmission rate tended to be higher in patients with PAD, irrespective of CKD stage, compared to those without PAD ( Figure 1 ). After adjustments, PAD was associated with greater hazards of 1-year ADHF readmissions, both in patients with CKD stage 3a or worse (HR, 1.71; 95% CI: 1.25 - 2.32) and without CKD (HR, 1.84; 95% CI: 1.07-3.15).

Conclusion: Patients with ADHF and concomitant PAD have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities and higher likelihood of 1-year ADHF readmission, irrespective of the CKD status. Focused strategies to prevent ADHF readmission in this high-risk group are warranted.

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