DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.16755 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 16755: Changes in Mid-Regional Pro-Adrenomedullin During Treatment With Sacubitril/Valsartan

Peder L Myhre, Yuxi Liu, Ian Kulac, Brian Claggett, Margaret Prescott, Michael Felker, Javed Butler, Ileana L Pina, Jean L Rouleau, Michael R Zile, John J McMurray, Jonathan Ward, Scott Solomon, James L Januzzi
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background: Adrenomedullin is a vasodilatory peptide with a role in microcirculatory and endothelial homeostasis. Adrenomedullin is a substrate for neprilysin and may therefore play a role in beneficial effects of sacubitril/valsartan (Sac/Val) treatment.

Methods: Mid-regional pro-peptide of adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) was measured in 156 patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) treated with Sac/Val and 264 patients with HF with preserved EF (HFpEF) randomized to treatment with Sac/Val or valsartan. Echocardiography and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire results were collected at baseline and after 6 and 12 months in the HFrEF cohort.

Results: Median (Q1-Q3) baseline MR-proADM concentrations were 0.80 (0.59-0.99) nMol/L in HFrEF and 0.88 (0.68-1.20) nMoL/L in HFpEF. After 12 weeks of treatment with Sac/Val, MR-proADM increased by median 49% in HFrEF and 60% in HFpEF, while there were no significant changes in valsartan-treated patients (median 2%). Greater increases in MR-proADM were associated with higher Sac/Val doses. Changes in MR-proADM correlated weakly with changes in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, cardiac troponin T and urinary cyclic guanosine monophosphate. Increases in MR-proADM were associated with decreases in blood pressure, but not significantly associated with changes in echocardiographic parameters or health status ( Figure ).

Conclusions: MR-proADM concentrations rise substantially following treatment with Sac/Val, in contrast to no change from valsartan. Change in MR-proADM from neprilysin inhibition did not correlate with improvements in cardiac structure and function or health status. More data are needed regarding the role of adrenomedullin and its related peptides in the treatment of HF.

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