DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.16630 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 16630: Economic Impact of Frailty in Patients Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Closure (LAAC) With WATCHMAN Device

Shivaraj Patil, Sahana Tito, Chaitanya Rojulpote, Viha Atri, Avica Atri, Abhijit Bhattaru, Ola Khraisha
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Frailty is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in older adults. Currently, standard practice after percutaneous left atrial appendage closure involves monitoring patients overnight and discharging them the following day.

Hypothesis: Frailty predicts increased hospital cost and length of stay (LOS) in patients undergoing elective LAAC with WATCHMAN device.

Methods: Patients aged ≥65 years who underwent elective LAAC with WATCHMAN device were identified using ICD-10 procedure code 02L73DK from 2016-2018 HCUP-NIS Database. In-hospital major adverse event (MAE) was defined as the composite of mortality, stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) or TIA, bleeding or transfusion, vascular complications, myocardial infarction, systemic embolization, and pericardial effusion or tamponade requiring pericardiocentesis or surgery. Hospital Frailty Risk Score (HFRS) was calculated for each patient based on 109 ICD-10 diagnosis codes and classified into non-frail (HFRS < 5) and frail (HFRS score ≥ 5) groups. Multivariate regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between the HFRS and hospital cost hospitalization (≥90 centile) and prolonged LOS (>72 hours).

Results: 28,050 patients (Age = 77.3 ± 6.4 years; Female = 42.6%) were included. Median hospitalization cost was $24,500 (inter-decile range: $14,000-37,100) and median LOS was 1 day (inter-decile range: 1-2 days) and 4.7% experienced in-hospital MAE. Frail patients (HFRS score ≥ 5) constituted 12.5% of the cohort. Increasing Hospital Frailty Risk Score was associated with a greater risk of high-cost hospitalization and LOS > 72 hours (Figure).

Conclusions: Increasing frailty is a significant predictor of increased hospital cost and LOS in elective LAAC. This effect is independent of age and in-hospital MAE.

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