DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.16617 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 16617: Effects of Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin-Kexin Type 9 Inhibitors on Inflammatory and Haemostatic Parameters in Coronary Artery Disease Patients

Sabina Ugovšek, Andreja Rehberger Likozar, Miran SEBESTJEN
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Background and aims: Despite progress in treatment, elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) represent a significant part of the residual risk. Both are associated with inflammation and the coagulation fibrinolytic system. The purpose of our research was to evaluate the effect of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9i) on lipid parameters and indicators of inflammation, coagulation and fibrinolysis.

Methods: We included 100 patients after a myocardial infarction with insufficiently controlled LDL-C values despite the maximum dose of statin, and highly elevated Lp(a). Patients received alirocumab or evolocumab (150mg sc or 140g sc every two weeks; respectively) or placebo for 6 months.

Results: In the group receiving PCSK9i, a significant decrease in total cholesterol (TC), LDL-C, triglycerides (TG) and Lp(a), and an increase in high density lipoprotein cholesterol (p<0.001 for all) was found. Before treatment concentrations of TC, LDL-C and TG correlated with the concentration of thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (r=0.41, p<0.001; r=0.353, p<0.001; r=0.311, p=0.003; respectively), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (r=0.302, p=0.007; r=0.218, p=0.049; r=0.278; p=0.013; respectively). The concentration of TC and LDL-C correlated with overall fibrinolytic potential (r=-0.220, p=0.034; r=-0.207, p=0.047; respectively). The concentration of TG was related to the concentration of interleukin 6 (r=0.290, p=0.004) and interleukin 8 (r=0.332, p=0.001). No correlations between Lp(a) and inflammatory or haemostatic variables were found. No associations were found after treatment.

Conclusion: Our results show that fibrinolytic parameters and inflammatory cytokines are related to the concentration of LDL-C and not Lp(a) before and with neither of them after treatment with PCSK9i.

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