DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.16434 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 16434: 104-Week Safety and Effectiveness of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol-Lowering Therapy With Evolocumab in Patients With Familial Hypercholesterolemia/Hypercholesterolemia in Japan: Results of Post-Marketing Surveillance

Koutaro Yokote, Junya Ako, Kazuo Kitagawa, Nobuhiro Osada, feng sheng, Masae Sonoda, Tadamichi Kubo, Tamio Teramoto
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Evolocumab is the first monoclonal antibody against proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 approved in Japan for familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) and hypercholesterolemia (HC).

Aims: This study assessed the 104-week safety and effectiveness of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering therapy with evolocumab in patients with FH (homo/heterozygous) and HC in a real-world setting in Japan.

Methods: Overall, 3721 and 2792 patients (108 and 91 homozygous FH, 2007 and 1613 heterozygous FH, 1606 and 1088 HC) from 668 clinical sites comprised the safety and effectiveness analysis sets, respectively. Primary safety endpoints: incidence (%) and number of patients with adverse drug reactions and serious adverse events. Effectiveness endpoints: % change in LDL-C from baseline at Week 12 (n=2386, primary endpoint) and Weeks 4-104 (secondary endpoint).

Results: Mean age: 63.2 years; female: 33.8%. The mean±SD follow-up duration was 545.5±218.8 days. Adverse drug reaction subject incidence was 5.2%. Serious adverse event subject incidence was 8.9% (330/3721). The adverse event incidences of myocardial infarction and stroke were 0.6% (n=23/3721) and 0.6% (n=21/3721; 0.3% ischemic stroke [n=12]/0.2% hemorrhagic stroke [n=9]), respectively. Table 1 shows adverse events by lowest achieved LDL-C levels. The mean±SD % change in LDL-C from baseline to Weeks 12 and 104 were –45.7%±28.2% (n=84) and –50.9±21.1% (n=48) in homozygous FH patients ( P <0.001 vs baseline; two-sided paired t -test), –56.0%±28.9% (n=1440) and –54.5±28.3% (n=905) in heterozygous FH patients ( P <0.001), and –63.3%±23.7% (n=862) and –60.8±28.1% (n=352) in HC patients ( P <0.001), respectively.

Conclusions: There were no trends between the lowest achieved LDL-C levels and adverse events in Japanese patients. Evolocumab was well tolerated and sustained LDL-C reduction in patients with FH and HC in a real-world clinical setting in Japan.

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