DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.16244 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 16244: Oncologic Disease and In-Stent Restenosis: A Nationwide Analysis

Sara Diaz Saravia, James Choi, Darren Kong, Christopher Matthews, Alaa Omar
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Recent studies have shown that Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is leading cause of cardiovascular mortality in cancer patients. There is little information about In-Stent Restenosis (ISR), one complication of IHD treatment. ISR has been associated with the presence of underlying risk factors but there is no clear association between cancer and ISR.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was made selecting a sample of adult patients using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from January 2017 to December 2019. Patients with cancer were identified and stratified by 5 main sites: lung, breast, gastrointestinal, prostate, and hematological tissue. Main outcome was odds of ISR in the oncologic population. Secondary outcomes were Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) and mortality in patients with ISR, stratified by presence or absence of cancer. Univariate and multivariate analysis were done, adjusting for possible confounders.

Results: A total of 90,900,000 adults were identified, of which 4,888,734 had cancer. From the adult population, 197350 patients with ISR were identified. Primary analysis revealed that cancer is not associated with increased odds of ISR but rather decreased, adjusted for other comorbidities, with an OR=0.181(IC95%=0.167-0.198, p=0.001). Paradoxically, secondary analysis of the ISR subpopulation showed statistically significant differences between cancer and non-cancer patients in the rate of composite MACE, and other cardiovascular outcomes such as Heart Failure, Atrial Fibrillation, and other arrhythmias (Table 1).

Conclusions: The present study shows that cancer is associated with decreased odds for ISR, but in with patients with ISR cancer was associated with higher prevalence of composite MACE, mainly due to arrhythmias and heart failure. Further studies are needed to explain the dynamic relationship between cancer and endothelial dysfunction.

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